Where are spinal injuries most likely to occur?
SCI results in a decrease or loss of movement, feeling, and organ function below the level of the injury. The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults. The spine has 33 vertebrae.
Where are spinal cord injuries located?
A spinal cord injury — damage to any part of the spinal cord or nerves at the end of the spinal canal (cauda equina) — often causes permanent changes in strength, sensation and other body functions below the site of the injury.
What region of the spine is most commonly affected by trauma?
The cervical spine is located at the top of the spinal column, comprising the first seven vertebrae in the neck area. Damage to the cervical spinal cord can result in the most severe of all spinal cord injuries, potentially affecting both sides of the body.
What is the most common level of spinal cord injury?
SCI typically affects the cervical level of the spinal cord (50%) with the single most common level affected being C5 (1). Other injuries include the thoracic level (35%) and lumbar region (11%).
How do you tell if lower back pain is muscle or disc?
The lower back and neck are the most flexible parts of your spine, and they’re also where most herniated discs occur. While pain in your mid-back may be related to a disc, it’s more likely caused by muscle strain or other issues. Your symptoms feel worse when you bend or straighten up from a bent position.
Does a spinal cord injury shorten your life?
Life expectancy depends on the severity of the injury, where on the spine the injury occurs and age. Life expectancy after injury ranges from 1.5 years for a ventilator-dependent patient older than 60 to 52.6 years for a 20-year-old patient with preserved motor function.
How long do spinal injuries take to heal?
Recovery, if it occurs, usually relates to the severity and level of the injury. The fastest rate of recovery is often seen in the first six months, but some people make small improvements for up to 1 to 2 years.
What is the common cause of spinal injury?
The leading causes of spinal cord injury are road traffic crashes, falls and violence (including attempted suicide). A significant proportion of traumatic spinal cord injury is due to work or sports-related injuries.
How is a spinal fracture diagnosed?
Diagnosis of spinal compression fractures
You might need a CT, MRI or X-ray scan to determine if you have a spinal compression fracture. If your doctor suspects that your fracture was caused by an underlying medical problem (like bone cancer), he or she may also order a biopsy or other tests.
How long does it take to walk after spinal cord injury?
The time period a patient needs to rehabilitate depends on the patient’s injury and ability to heal. Some patients can take a few weeks to regain the ability to walk, while others take several months or longer.
What is a complete spinal injury?
A complete spinal cord injury means that the nerves below the point of injury cannot communicate at all with the brain anymore. This leads to paralysis below the location of the injury.
Can spinal cord injuries heal?
Damage to the spinal cord rarely heals because the injured nerve cells fail to regenerate. The regrowth of their long nerve fibers is hindered by scar tissue and molecular processes inside the nerves.