What type of bone is most affected by osteoporosis?
Osteoporotic bone breaks are most likely to occur in the hip, spine or wrist, but other bones can break too. In addition to causing permanent pain, osteoporosis causes some patients to lose height. When osteoporosis affects vertebrae, or the bones of the spine, it often leads to a stooped or hunched posture.
Does osteoporosis affect cortical bone?
With osteoporosis, there is reduced bone density and structure in the spongy bone, as well as thinning of the cortical bone. When your bones have thinned to the point that osteoporosis is diagnosed, the physical structure — and soundness — of your bones has changed. In particular: the cortical bone becomes thinner; and.
What bones are most vulnerable to the ravages of osteoporosis?
About 2 million fractures in the US each year are due to osteoporosis. Although all bones can be affected by the disease, the bones of the spine, hip, and wrist are most likely to break. In older people, hip fractures can be particularly dangerous.
What are the two medications that may cause osteoporosis after long term use?
The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.
Will osteoporosis shorten my life?
The residual life expectancy of a 50-year-old man beginning osteoporosis treatment was estimated to be 18.2 years and that of a 75-year-old man was 7.5 years. Estimates in women were 26.4 years and 13.5 years, respectively.
Which bones are cortical?
Cortical bone forms the external layer of all bones but is found predominantly in the appendicular skeleton, particularly in diaphysis of long bones. Cancellous bone is found mainly in the axial skeleton, located between the cortices of smaller flat and short bones such as scapulae, vertebrae, and pelvis.
Can osteoporosis cause digestive problems?
Osteoporosis is common in GI diseases, particularly those associated with malabsorption and maldigestion (celiac disease, postgastrectomy, short gut, pancreatic insufficiency); inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; Crohn’s disease [CD] and ulcerative colitis); chronic liver disease (cholestatic and hepatocellular diseases); …
What are the types of osteoporosis?
Two categories of osteoporosis have been identified: primary and secondary. Primary osteoporosis is the most common form of the disease and includes postmenopausal osteoporosis (type I), and senile osteoporosis (type II). Secondary osteoporosis is characterized as having a clearly definable etiologic mechanism.
Does osteoporosis make you tired?
Following a fracture, bones tend to heal within six to eight weeks but pain and other physical problems, such as pain and tiredness or fatigue, may continue.
Can you reverse the effects of osteoporosis?
Can osteoporosis be reversed without medications? Your doctor diagnoses osteoporosis based on bone density loss. You can have different degrees of the condition, and catching it early can help you prevent the condition from worsening. You cannot reverse bone loss on your own.
What is the strongest predictor of bone density?
Age is the strongest predictor of osteoporosis.