What is the most common cervical spine injury?
Trauma is the most common cause of cervical injury, and this can include motor vehicle accidents, falls, penetrating or blunt trauma, sports-related or diving injuries.  Nontraumatic causes can include compression fractures from osteoporosis, arthritis, or cancer and inflammation of the spinal cord.
Which area of the spine is most at risk for traumatic injury?
Of the trauma-related spinal cord injuries in children, 60-75 percent occur in the neck or cervical area. Twenty percent of injuries occur in the chest region or upper back (thoracic region). The remaining 5-20 percent affect the spinal cord in the lower back (lumbar and sacral regions).
Why is cervical vulnerable to trauma?
The cervical spinal cord is particularly prone to injury because of spinal flexibility and the mass of the head. The spinal cord is injured when the ligaments, muscles, and osseous structures fail to dissipate the energy of impact.
What is a C5 spinal cord injury?
C5 injury. Person can raise his or her arms and bend elbows. Likely to have some or total paralysis of wrists, hands, trunk and legs. Can speak and use diaphragm, but breathing will be weakened.
Which cervical vertebrae are most often fractured?
Most cervical spine fractures occur predominantly at 2 levels: one third of injuries occur at the level of C2, and one half of injuries occur at the level of C6 or C7. Most fatal cervical spine injuries occur in upper cervical levels, either at craniocervical junction C1 or C2.
What are the two main commonly injured areas of the spine?
The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults. The spine has 33 vertebrae.
Which spinal nerves affect which parts of the body?
The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.
Which part of spine takes most strain?
The most vulnerable areas of the spine are the lumbar (lower back), and the cervical (neck) regions. They are the most mobile, and susceptible to injury. The lower back is also the main weight bearing part of the spine.
What is the best treatment for cervical spine trauma?
The first aid measures of early closed reduction or realignment and immobilization of the cervical spine, breathing support and high-dose methylprednisolone are most important in the treatment of traumatic spinal cord injury. The surgery should be performed earlier in indicated cases.
What causes weak cervical tissue?
Uterine abnormalities and genetic disorders affecting a fibrous type of protein that makes up your body’s connective tissues (collagen) might cause an incompetent cervix. Exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES), a synthetic form of the hormone estrogen, before birth also has been linked to cervical insufficiency.
What are cervical injuries?
Cervical spinal cord injuries are typically the most severe type of spinal cord injuries. They may result in quadriplegia or tetraplegia with associated loss of muscle strength in all four extremities. Based on the extent of the injury, cervical spinal cord injuries can be complete or incomplete.
How do you treat a neck and spinal injury?
If you suspect someone has a spinal injury:
- Get help. Call 911 or emergency medical help.
- Keep the person still. Place heavy towels or rolled sheets on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent movement.
- Avoid moving the head or neck. …
- Keep helmet on. …
- Don’t roll alone.
How long does it take for C5 to heal?
Usually, you will have to remain in the hospital for around two days following this surgery. Further recovery will happen over the next four to six weeks, after which you can return to light activities. Full recovery takes around two to three months.