What is the mechanism of injury for a cervical spine fracture?

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What is the most common mechanism of injury for severe cervical spine injuries?

Trauma is the most common cause of cervical injury, and this can include motor vehicle accidents, falls, penetrating or blunt trauma, sports-related or diving injuries. [4][5] Nontraumatic causes can include compression fractures from osteoporosis, arthritis, or cancer and inflammation of the spinal cord.

What causes cervical spine fracture?

The most common causes of cervical fractures and dislocations are motor vehicle accidents, falls, violence, and sports activities. The abrupt impact and/or twisting of the neck that occurs in a millisecond during the trauma can cause the spine bones to crack or the ligaments to rupture, or both.

What are the major mechanisms of injury in spinal cord injuries?

Four main characteristic mechanisms of primary injury have been identified that include: (1) Impact plus persistent compression; (2) Impact alone with transient compression; (3) Distraction; (4) Laceration/transection (8, 11).

How do you treat a cervical spine injury?

Conservative treatment includes time, medication, brief bed rest, reduction of strenuous physical activity and physical therapy. A doctor may prescribe medications to reduce the pain or inflammation and muscle relaxants to allow time for healing to occur.

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Why is it important to stabilize a cervical spine injury?

Spinal stability ensures the muscles in your spine are working in the right way to properly support and stabilize the spine. Spinal stabilization is important if you suffer from chronic neck and back pain, whether it is acute or chronic, and if you want to remain pain-free.

What is the difference between a complete and incomplete spinal cord injury?

In complete spinal cord injuries, the spinal cord is fully severed and function below the injury site is eliminated. In comparison, incomplete SCIs occur when the spinal cord is compressed or injured, but the brain’s ability to send signals below the site of the injury is not completely removed.