What body system is osteomyelitis?

Which body system is affected by osteomyelitis?

Among children and teens, the long bones of the legs and arms are most frequently affected. In adults, osteomyelitis most often affects the vertebrae of the spine and/or the hips. However, extremities are frequently involved due to skin wounds, trauma and surgeries.

How does osteomyelitis affect the circulatory system?

Without treatment, the infection and inflammation block blood vessels. The lack of oxygen and nutrients cause the bone tissue to die, which leads to chronic osteomyelitis. Other possible complications include blood poisoning and bone abscesses.

How does osteomyelitis affect the nervous system?

Patients with chronic osteomyelitis may report bone pain, tenderness, and draining abscesses around infected bone for long periods of time (months to years). Rarely, vertebral osteomyelitis may affect the nerves in the spine. If the infection travels into the spinal canal, this can result in an epidural abscess.

Where does osteomyelitis occur?

Osteomyelitis is inflammation or swelling that occurs in the bone. It can result from an infection somewhere else in the body that has spread to the bone, or it can start in the bone — often as a result of an injury. Osteomyelitis is more common in younger children (five and under) but can happen at any age.

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What happens if osteomyelitis is untreated?

Osteomyelitis is a bacterial, or fungal, infection of the bone. Osteomyelitis affects about 2 out of every 10,000 people. If left untreated, the infection can become chronic and cause a loss of blood supply to the affected bone. When this happens, it can lead to the eventual death of the bone tissue.

How long does osteomyelitis take to heal?

You’ll usually take antibiotics for 4 to 6 weeks. If you have a severe infection, the course may last up to 12 weeks. It’s important to finish a course of antibiotics even if you start to feel better. If the infection is treated quickly (within 3 to 5 days of it starting), it often clears up completely.

What are common local signs of osteomyelitis?

Localized bone pain, erythema and drainage around the affected area are frequently present. The cardinal signs of subacute and chronic osteomyelitis include draining sinus tracts, deformity, instability and local signs of impaired vascularity, range of motion and neurologic status.

What is the best treatment for osteomyelitis?

The most common treatments for osteomyelitis are surgery to remove portions of bone that are infected or dead, followed by intravenous antibiotics given in the hospital.

Surgery

  • Drain the infected area. …
  • Remove diseased bone and tissue. …
  • Restore blood flow to the bone. …
  • Remove any foreign objects. …
  • Amputate the limb.

What is the prognosis of osteomyelitis?

Outlook (Prognosis)

With treatment, the outcome for acute osteomyelitis is often good. The outlook is worse for those with long-term (chronic) osteomyelitis. Symptoms may come and go for years, even with surgery. Amputation may be needed, especially in people with diabetes or poor blood circulation.

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Can osteomyelitis affect the brain?

Brain abscess is the commonest complication of skull osteomyelitis. This is usually associated with subperiosteal abscess. Frontal lobe abscess present as subtle personality changes. Radiological features vary with the duration of the infection.

How fast does osteomyelitis develop?

Acute osteomyelitis develops rapidly over a period of seven to 10 days. The symptoms for acute and chronic osteomyelitis are very similar and include: Fever, irritability, fatigue. Nausea.

What are the risk factors of osteomyelitis?

Risk factors for developing osteomyelitis include a weakened immune system due to a medical condition or medications, cancer, chronic steroid (cortisone) use, sickle cell disease, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), diabetes, hemodialysis, intravenous drug users, infants, and the elderly.