How does osteoporosis affect the older adult?

Why does osteoporosis cause aging?

With aging this balance shifts in a negative direction, favoring greater bone resorption and less bone formation. This combination of bone mass deficiency and reduction in strength ultimately results in osteoporosis and fractures.

Why does osteoporosis affect more older females than males?

There are multiple reasons why women are more likely to get osteoporosis than men, including: Women tend to have smaller, thinner bones than men. Estrogen, a hormone in women that protects bones, decreases sharply when women reach menopause, which can cause bone loss.

Is osteoporosis common in the elderly?

It has been estimated that 10 million people in the US alone have osteoporosis, with almost 34 million more having low bone mass. The elderly population accounts for most of the burden, with 70% of all fractures sustained by those aged at least 65 years.

What is osteoporosis in elderly?

Abstract. Osteoporosis is a major clinical problem in older women and men. Almost any bone can fracture as a result of the increased bone fragility of osteoporosis. These fractures are associated with higher health care costs, physical disability, impaired quality of life, and increased mortality.

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Does osteoporosis worsen with age?

Osteoporosis usually starts later and progresses more slowly in men. But by age 70, men catch up to women in the rate they lose bone. Because men tend to be older when they get osteoporosis, the complications from broken bones can be more serious for them.

How does gender affect osteoporosis?

Women start losing bone at an earlier age and at a faster rate than men. Women ≥ 50 years of age have a four times higher rate of osteoporosis and a two times higher rate of osteopenia, and they tend to have fractures 5 – 10 years earlier compared with men.

Will osteoporosis shorten my life?

The residual life expectancy of a 50-year-old man beginning osteoporosis treatment was estimated to be 18.2 years and that of a 75-year-old man was 7.5 years. Estimates in women were 26.4 years and 13.5 years, respectively.

What is the T score for severe osteoporosis?

A T-score between −1 and −2.5 indicates that you have low bone mass, although not low enough to be diagnosed with osteoporosis. A T-score of −2.5 or lower indicates that you have osteoporosis. The greater the negative number, the more severe the osteoporosis.

How is osteoporosis treated in the elderly?

In all major studies patients also received calcium and vitamin D supplements. Bisphosphonates and strontium ranelate are good choices for first- or second-line treatment, while for the time being parathyroid hormone should only be used for the second-line treatment of osteoporosis in the elderly.

What will happen if osteoporosis is left untreated?

Osteoporosis left untreated increases the likelihood of fractures. Simple actions such as sneezing or coughing, making a sudden turn, or bumping into a hard surface can result in a fracture. This can make you feel like you’re walking on eggshells and cause you to refrain from participating in activities that you enjoy.

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