What is the WHO criteria for osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis has been operationally defined on the basis of bone mineral density (BMD) assessment. According to the WHO criteria, osteoporosis is defined as a BMD that lies 2.5 standard deviations or more below the average value for young healthy women (a T-score of <-2.5 SD) (1,6).
What are 2 factors that contribute to osteoporosis?
Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are:
- Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis. …
- Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.
- Poor nutrition and poor general health.
What is pharmacological therapy for osteoporosis?
For patients at high risk for fracture, initial therapy should include alendronate, risedronate, zoledronic acid, and denosumab, which are approved agents with efficacy in reducing hip, non-vertebral, and spine fractures.
When is treatment recommended for osteoporosis?
Postmenopausal women and older men – In the United States, the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) recommends use of a medication to treat postmenopausal women (and men ≥50 years) with a history of hip or vertebral (spine) fracture or with osteoporosis on bone density testing (T-score ≤-2.5).
What is the T-score for severe osteoporosis?
A T-score between −1 and −2.5 indicates that you have low bone mass, although not low enough to be diagnosed with osteoporosis. A T-score of −2.5 or lower indicates that you have osteoporosis. The greater the negative number, the more severe the osteoporosis.
Can osteoporosis be treated without medication?
Many people prefer not to take drugs or medications because they want to treat their osteoporosis “naturally,” but at this time, there are no herbal supplements or “natural” treatments that are proven to be both safe and effective to treat osteoporosis and prevent broken bones.
What are the two medications that may cause osteoporosis after long term use?
The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.
What foods are bad for osteoporosis?
7 Foods to Avoid When You Have Osteoporosis
- Salt. …
- Caffeine. …
- Soda. …
- Red Meat. …
- Alcohol. …
- Wheat Bran. …
- Liver and Fish Liver Oil.
What organs are affected by osteoporosis?
Osteoporotic bone breaks are most likely to occur in the hip, spine or wrist, but other bones can break too. In addition to causing permanent pain, osteoporosis causes some patients to lose height. When osteoporosis affects vertebrae, or the bones of the spine, it often leads to a stooped or hunched posture.
Is sitting bad for osteoporosis?
“If you have low bone density, however, and you put a lot of force or pressure into the front of the spine — such as in a sit-up or toe touch — it increases your risk of a compression fracture.” Once you have one compression fracture, it can trigger a “cascade of fractures” in the spine, says Kemmis.
What is the most popular treatment for osteoporosis?
Bisphosphonates are usually the first choice for osteoporosis treatment.
- Alendronate (Fosamax), a weekly pill.
- Risedronate (Actonel), a weekly or monthly pill.
- Ibandronate (Boniva), a monthly pill or quarterly intravenous (IV) infusion.
- Zoledronic acid (Reclast), an annual IV infusion.
What is the safest osteoporosis drug 2020?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Evenity (romosozumab-aqqg) to treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women at high risk of breaking a bone (fracture).