What ranges of motion are possible at the lumbar spine?
Motion of the lumbar spine occurs in 3 planes and includes 4 directions, as follows:
- Forward flexion: 40-60°
- Extension: 20-35°
- Lateral flexion/side bending (left and right): 15-20°
- Rotation (left and right): 3-18°
How is thoracic spine range of motion measured?
Thoracic rotation ROM was measured using 5 measurement techniques: (1) seated rotation test (bar in back), (2) seated rotation test (bar in front), (3) half-kneeling rotation test (bar in back), (4) half-kneeling rotation test (bar in front), and (5) lumbar-locked rotation test.
What is spinal range of motion?
The absolute ROM and percentage of full active lumbar spinal ROM used during the 15 ADLs was 3 to 49 degrees and 4% to 59% (median: 9 degrees/11%) for flexion/extension, 2 to 11 degrees and 6% to 31% (6 degrees/17%) for lateral bending, and 2 to 7 degrees and 6% to 20% (5 degrees/13%) for rotation.
What curves are located in the thoracic spine?
The thoracic spine curves outward, forming a regular C-shape with the opening at the front—or a kyphotic curve. The lumbar spine curves inward and, like the cervical spine, has a lordotic or backward C-shape.
What movement is most limited in the lumbar spine?
Mobility of the lumbar spine (Fig. 3) is greatest during flexion/extension movements (cumulative mobility in segments L1-5: 57°) and more limited during lateral bending (L1-5: 26°) and axial rotation (L1-5: 8°) (31).
What are the 3 types of range of motion?
There are three basic types of range of motion: passive, active-assistive and active, defined by the whether, and to what degree, the patient can move the joint voluntarily.
What are the range of motion exercises?
Range of motion (ROM) exercises are done to preserve flexibility and mobility of the joints on which they are performed. These exercises reduce stiffness and will prevent or at least slow down the freezing of your joints as the disease progresses and you move less often.