Which term means an abnormal condition of a hump of the thoracic spine?

What is a medical term for the phrase abnormal condition of hump?

kyphosis. kigh-FOH-sis. kyph/o = humpback. -osis = abnormal condition. Abnormal, outward curvature.

Which of the following medical terms refers to an abnormal condition occurring in the thoracic spine?

Scoliosis is an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. It is most often diagnosed in childhood or early adolescence. The spine’s normal curves occur at the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions in the so-called “sagittal” plane.

Which abnormal condition of the lumbar spine is also known as?

The curvature of the cervical and lumbar regions of the spine toward the front of the body are called lordosis. When the curve of the lower back is excessive, the condition is known as hyperlordosis or sometimes simply referred to as lordosis.

Which condition is caused by a congenital defect involving a fissure of the vertebral column?

SPONDYLOSCHISIS – Congenital fissure (splitting) of vertebral arch. SPONDYLOSIS – Ankylosis of the vertebra; often applied nonspecifically to any lesion of the spine of a degenerative nature.

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Why do you lose bones as you get older?

As you age, your body may reabsorb calcium and phosphate from your bones instead of keeping these minerals in your bones. This makes your bones weaker. When this process reaches a certain stage, it is called osteoporosis. Many times, a person will fracture a bone before they even know they have bone loss.

What is an abnormal condition of a joint?

Arthritis – inflammation of a joint. It causes pain, stiffness, and swelling. Over time, the joint can become severely damaged. Bursitis – inflammation of a fluid-filled sac that cushions the joint. Dislocations – injuries that force the ends of the bones out of position.

Which spinal nerves affect which parts of the body?

The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.

Is the lumbar spine concave or convex?

Spinal curves

The neck (cervical) and low back (lumbar) regions have a slight concave curve, and the thoracic and sacral regions have a gentle convex curve (Fig. 1).

Where is the thoracic area of the spine?

The thoracic spine is located in the upper and middle part of the back. Twelve vertebrae are located in the thoracic spine and are numbered T-1 to T-12. Each number corresponds with the nerves in that section of the spinal cord: T-1 through T-5 nerves affect muscles, upper chest, mid-back and abdominal muscles.

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What are the three types of spinal deformities?

There are three main types of spine curvature disorders, including:

  • Lordosis. Also called swayback, the spine of a person with lordosis curves significantly inward at the lower back.
  • Kyphosis. Kyphosis is characterized by an abnormally rounded upper back (more than 50 degrees of curvature).
  • Scoliosis.

Can a curved spine be corrected?

Scoliosis in adults can occur due to a variety of reasons, including genetics, uneven pelvic position, past spinal or joint surgeries, knee or foot distortions, or even head injuries. Some curves are more severe than others. In moderate to severe cases, scoliosis may be corrected through bracing and/or surgery.