What carries impulses to the brain?
Cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and ganglia make up the peripheral nervous system. The afferent division of the peripheral nervous system carries impulses to the CNS; the efferent division carries impulses away from the CNS. There are three layers of meninges around the brain and spinal cord.
What transmits impulses to the central nervous system?
The afferent or sensory division transmits impulses from peripheral organs to the CNS. The efferent or motor division transmits impulses from the CNS out to the peripheral organs to cause an effect or action.
Which nerves carry impulses from receptors to the spinal cord?
Afferent neurons are sensory nerves
These are sensory neurons carrying nerve impulses from sensory stimuli toward the central nervous system and brain. Afferent neurons carry signals to the brain and spinal cord as sensory data.
Which body part sends messages to the brain?
The thalamus carries messages from the sensory organs like the eyes, ears, nose, and fingers to the cortex. The hypothalamus controls your pulse, thirst, appetite, sleep patterns, and other processes in your body that happen automatically.
What type of neurons transmits information to the central nervous system?
Afferent neurons convey information from tissues and organs into the central nervous system (e.g. sensory neurons). Efferent neurons transmit signals from the central nervous system (CNS) to the effector cells (e.g. motor neurons ).
What two organs make up the central nervous system?
The nervous system is made up of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system: The brain and the spinal cord are the central nervous system. The nerves that go through the whole body make up the peripheral nervous system.
Where in the body are the peripheral nerves found?
Peripheral nerves reside outside your brain and spinal cord. They relay information between your brain and the rest of your body. The peripheral nervous system is divided into two main parts: Autonomic nervous system (ANS): Controls involuntary bodily functions and regulates glands.
What happens when your central nervous system is damaged?
You may experience the sudden onset of one or more symptoms, such as: Numbness, tingling, weakness, or inability to move a part or all of one side of the body (paralysis). Dimness, blurring, double vision, or loss of vision in one or both eyes. Loss of speech, trouble talking, or trouble understanding speech.
What are the three main components of the peripheral nervous system?
The PNS comprises cranial nerves 3–12, the spinal roots, sensory and autonomic ganglia, and the somatic nerves.