What system is the spinal cord a part of?

Is the spinal cord part of the peripheral system?

Overview. The peripheral nervous system refers to parts of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord. It includes the cranial nerves, spinal nerves and their roots and branches, peripheral nerves, and neuromuscular junctions.

What part of the body is the spinal cord located?

The spinal cord and meninges are contained in the spinal canal, which runs through the center of the spine. In most adults, the spine is composed of 33 individual back bones (vertebrae). Just as the skull protects the brain, vertebrae protect the spinal cord.

What are two types of peripheral nerves?

The peripheral nervous system is divided into two main parts:

  • Autonomic nervous system (ANS): Controls involuntary bodily functions and regulates glands.
  • Somatic nervous system (SNS): Controls muscle movement and relays information from ears, eyes and skin to the central nervous system.

What is the main function of the peripheral nervous system?

The PNS has three basic functions: (1) conveying motor commands to all voluntary striated muscles in the body; (2) carrying sensory information about the external world and the body to the brain and spinal cord (except visual information: the optic nerves, which convey information from the retina to the brain, are in …

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What happens if your spinal cord hurts?

Emergency signs and symptoms of a spinal cord injury after an accident include: Extreme back pain or pressure in your neck, head or back. Weakness, incoordination or paralysis in any part of your body. Numbness, tingling or loss of sensation in your hands, fingers, feet or toes.

What part of your spine controls your legs?

The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.

What are the different types of peripheral neuropathy?

Peripheral Neuropathy Types

  • Motor neuropathy. This is damage to the nerves that control muscles and movement in the body, such as moving your hands and arms or talking.
  • Sensory neuropathy. …
  • Autonomic nerve neuropathy. …
  • Combination neuropathies.