What is rheumatoid arthritis describe its pathophysiology?
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease mainly characterized by synovitis and joint destruction. Etiology of RA is unknown. Although the impact of genetic factors is obvious, the genetic basis is not sufficient to explain the triggering of the immune insult.
What is the physiology of arthritis?
The body’s immune system, which normally protects the body, begins to produce substances that attack the body. In rheumatoid arthritis, the joint lining swells, invading surrounding tissues. Chemical substances are produced that attack and destroy the joint surface.
Is rheumatoid arthritis a physiological disease?
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease with an undulant course and has a prevalence of 0.2%-1.2% (1). Disease remission and flare periods may be associated with different factors. Psychological stress and mood disorders such as depression and anxiety are more frequent in patients with RA.
What is the complication of rheumatoid arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition which can cause inflammation to develop in other parts of your body, such as the: lungs – inflammation of the lungs or lung lining can lead to pleurisy or pulmonary fibrosis, which can cause chest pain, a persistent cough and shortness of breath.
Why do we get rheumatoid arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition, which means it’s caused by the immune system attacking healthy body tissue. However, it’s not yet known what triggers this. Your immune system normally makes antibodies that attack bacteria and viruses, helping to fight infection.
How can rheumatoid arthritis be prevented?
Preventing Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Stop Smoking.
- Limit Alcohol.
- Minimize Bone Loss.
- Improve Oral Health.
- Increase Fish Intake.
- Maintain a Healthy Weight.
- Stay Active.
- Reduce Exposure to Environmental Pollutants.
What is the difference between rheumatoid arthritis?
The main difference between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis is the cause behind the joint symptoms. Osteoarthritis is caused by mechanical wear and tear on joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s own immune system attacks the body’s joints. It may begin any time in life.
Can rheumatoid arthritis go away?
Doctor’s Response. There is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis, but it can go into remission. Furthermore, treatments are getting better all the time, sometimes to the point a drug and lifestyle regimen can stop the symptoms in their tracks. As a rule, the severity of rheumatoid arthritis waxes and wanes.
What is the life expectancy of a person with rheumatoid arthritis?
RA can reduce a person’s life expectancy by as much as 10 to 15 years, although many people live with their symptoms beyond the age of 80 or even 90 years. Factors affecting RA prognosis include a person’s age, disease progression, and lifestyle factors, such as smoking and being overweight.
What is the best and safest treatment for rheumatoid arthritis?
There is no one drug that is the safest or best – all drugs have benefits and side effects. The main types of drugs used to treat RA include: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.