What is osteoporosis in medical terminology?

What is osteoporosis * Your answer?

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that develops when bone mineral density and bone mass decreases, or when the quality or structure of bone changes. This can lead to a decrease in bone strength that can increase the risk of fractures (broken bones).

What are 3 common causes of osteoporosis?

Three Common Causes of Osteoporosis

  • Estrogen Deficiencies in Women. Women typically suffer estrogen deficiencies during perimenopause and menopause. …
  • Calcium Deficiencies. Bones are constantly losing and replacing minerals. …
  • Inactive Lifestyle.

How does osteoporosis occur?

It occurs when bones lose minerals such as calcium more quickly than the body can replace them. They become less dense, lose strength and break more easily. Most people don’t realise they have osteoporosis until a fracture happens, as there are usually no signs or symptoms.

Is sitting bad for osteoporosis?

“If you have low bone density, however, and you put a lot of force or pressure into the front of the spine — such as in a sit-up or toe touch — it increases your risk of a compression fracture.” Once you have one compression fracture, it can trigger a “cascade of fractures” in the spine, says Kemmis.

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What foods are bad for osteoporosis?

7 Foods to Avoid When You Have Osteoporosis

  • Salt. …
  • Caffeine. …
  • Soda. …
  • Red Meat. …
  • Alcohol. …
  • Wheat Bran. …
  • Liver and Fish Liver Oil.

What organs are affected by osteoporosis?

Osteoporotic bone breaks are most likely to occur in the hip, spine or wrist, but other bones can break too. In addition to causing permanent pain, osteoporosis causes some patients to lose height. When osteoporosis affects vertebrae, or the bones of the spine, it often leads to a stooped or hunched posture.

What are the first signs of osteoporosis?

Symptoms

  • Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra.
  • Loss of height over time.
  • A stooped posture.
  • A bone that breaks much more easily than expected.

What is the best and safest treatment for osteoporosis 2020?

Bisphosphonates are usually the first choice for osteoporosis treatment. These include: Alendronate (Fosamax), a weekly pill. Risedronate (Actonel), a weekly or monthly pill.

Will osteoporosis shorten my life?

The residual life expectancy of a 50-year-old man beginning osteoporosis treatment was estimated to be 18.2 years and that of a 75-year-old man was 7.5 years. Estimates in women were 26.4 years and 13.5 years, respectively.

What are the two medications that may cause osteoporosis after long term use?

The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.