What is osteoarthritis and why is it important?

What is the main cause of osteoarthritis?

What causes osteoarthritis? Primary osteoarthritis is caused by the breakdown of cartilage, a rubbery material that eases the friction in your joints. It can happen in any joint but usually affects your fingers, thumbs, spine, hips, knees, or big toes. Osteoarthritis is more common in older people.

Where does osteoarthritis commonly occur?

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. Some people call it degenerative joint disease or “wear and tear” arthritis. It occurs most frequently in the hands, hips, and knees. With OA, the cartilage within a joint begins to break down and the underlying bone begins to change.

What are the types of osteoarthritis?

OA and Your Body

  • Hip Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Arthritis of the Hip) …
  • Foot and Ankle Osteoarthritis. …
  • Osteoarthritis of the Knee (Degenerative Arthritis of the Knee) …
  • Knee Injuries and Osteoarthritis. …
  • Hand Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Arthritis of the Hand) …
  • Spinal Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Arthritis of the Spine)

Does walking worsen osteoarthritis?

Doctor’s Response. Exercise, including walking, can be beneficial for osteoarthritis patients. Exercise can help to reduce pain and increase quality of life. Lack of exercise can lead to more joint stiffness, muscle weakness and tightness, and loss of joint motion.

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What are the 4 stages of osteoarthritis?

The four stages of osteoarthritis are:

  • Stage 1 – Minor. Minor wear-and-tear in the joints. Little to no pain in the affected area.
  • Stage 2 – Mild. More noticeable bone spurs. …
  • Stage 3 – Moderate. Cartilage in the affected area begins to erode. …
  • Stage 4 – Severe. The patient is in a lot of pain.

How can I reverse osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis can be reversible by chondroprotective agents if the following conditions are met:

  1. cartilage remains intact over joint surfaces;
  2. subchondral bone is intact;
  3. lifestyle changes to reduce pressure on affected joint are followed;
  4. analgesic use is kept to a minimum or ideally, not used;

Does osteoarthritis hurt all the time?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that worsens over time, often resulting in chronic pain. Joint pain and stiffness can become severe enough to make daily tasks difficult.

Can you end up in a wheelchair with osteoarthritis?

Pain, stiffness, or difficulty moving could affect your mobility, making tasks like walking or driving very difficult. You may need to use a cane, walker, or wheelchair to get around. Some people require assistance getting in or out of a car.

Is osteoarthritis a disability?

Is Osteoarthritis a Disability? Osteoarthritis can be considered a disability by the SSA. You can get Social Security disability with osteoarthritis. When you apply for disability benefits, your diagnosis and medical evidence to back up your diagnosis needs to match a listing outlined in the SSA’s Blue Book.

What can be mistaken for osteoarthritis?

Because both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis cause joint pain and stiffness, the two conditions are sometimes mistaken for one another. However, rheumatoid arthritis also tends to affect the entire body, causing achy muscles, fatigue, weight loss and flu-like symptoms.

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What are the best exercises for osteoarthritis?

Walking, biking, swimming, tai chi, yoga, and water aerobics are all good aerobic exercises for people with osteoarthritis. Water exercise is especially ideal because of water’s soothing warmth and buoyancy. It’s a gentle way to exercise joints and muscles — plus it acts as resistance to help build muscle strength.

What causes osteoarthritis flare ups?

The most common triggers of an OA flare are overdoing an activity or trauma to the joint. Other triggers can include bone spurs, stress, repetitive motions, cold weather, a change in barometric pressure, an infection or weight gain. Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory disease that affects the skin and joints.