What are the 2 types of kyphosis?
There are three main types of abnormal kyphosis: postural kyphosis, Scheuermann’s kyphosis (Scheuermann’s disease), and congenital kyphosis. Postural kyphosis is the most common type of kyphosis. This is more common in girls than in boys and typically appears during adolescence.
What is kyphosis and its causes?
Poor posture in childhood, such as slouching, leaning back in chairs and carrying heavy schoolbags, can cause the ligaments and muscles that support the vertebrae to stretch. This can pull the thoracic vertebrae out of their normal position, resulting in kyphosis.
What is kyphosis of the spine?
Kyphosis is a spinal disorder in which an excessive curve of the spine results in an abnormal rounding of the upper back. The condition is sometimes known as roundback or — in the case of a severe curve — as hunchback. Kyphosis can occur at any age but is common during adolescence.
What organs are affected by kyphosis?
Severe cases of kyphosis can affect the nerves, lungs, organs, and tissue with pain and other issues. In very severe cases, the spine can cause the rib cage to press against the lungs, making it difficult to breathe.
What is the difference between Gibbus and kyphosis?
Structural kyphosis involves a problem with a part of the spine, such as a deformity in the vertebrae. The hump caused by structural kyphosis is much more angular than a hump caused by postural kyphosis. A particularly sharp, angular curve is called a gibbus deformity.
Is kyphosis considered a disability?
Kyphosis is not usually the direct cause of significant disability, but like scoliosis, it can cause discomfort, pain and lost productivity when it happens in conjunction with other serious conditions or injuries.
What can kyphosis lead to?
Kyphosis can lead to excess pressure on the spine, causing pain. It may also lead to breathing difficulties due to pressure put on the lungs. Kyphosis in older women is known as dowager’s hump.
How can kyphosis be prevented?
Can kyphosis be prevented?
- avoid slouching.
- sit correctly – sit upright, ensuring that the small of the back is supported.
- avoid carrying heavy schoolbags that can pull on the back muscles and ligaments; the best schoolbags are well-designed backpacks.
Does kyphosis affect height?
Excessive thoracic kyphosis puts you at higher risk for spinal fractures, neck pain, low back pain, breathing difficulties and even digestive problems. The good news is that by restoring your posture, you can increase your height and improve the way you look in a relatively short period of time.
What degree of kyphosis needs surgery?
Spine specialists consider kyphosis curves normal up to 45-50 degrees. Beyond this range, the curve is considered excessive and may require treatment. Curves, more than 70 degrees that are painful and / or progressive, may require surgery.