What does osteoarthritis mainly affect?
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones wears down over time. Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.
What is the most significant risk factor for osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis risk factor: Weight
Your weight is the biggest modifiable risk factor for developing osteoarthritis, says Dr. Mandl. Excess weight places additional stress on weight-bearing joints, especially your knees and hips, she says.
Which part of a joint does osteoarthritis usually affect?
In most cases, osteoarthritis develops slowly. At first, joints may ache after you exercise or do other physical activity. The joints most often affected by osteoarthritis are the hands, knees, hips, and spine.
Does walking worsen osteoarthritis?
Doctor’s Response. Exercise, including walking, can be beneficial for osteoarthritis patients. Exercise can help to reduce pain and increase quality of life. Lack of exercise can lead to more joint stiffness, muscle weakness and tightness, and loss of joint motion.
How can I reverse osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis can be reversible by chondroprotective agents if the following conditions are met:
- cartilage remains intact over joint surfaces;
- subchondral bone is intact;
- lifestyle changes to reduce pressure on affected joint are followed;
- analgesic use is kept to a minimum or ideally, not used;
What are the 4 stages of osteoarthritis?
The four stages of osteoarthritis are:
- Stage 1 – Minor. Minor wear-and-tear in the joints. Little to no pain in the affected area.
- Stage 2 – Mild. More noticeable bone spurs. …
- Stage 3 – Moderate. Cartilage in the affected area begins to erode. …
- Stage 4 – Severe. The patient is in a lot of pain.
What is not considered a risk factor for osteoarthritis?
Non-modifiable risk factors for OA include age, sex, ethnicity, genetics, previous history of injury or joint trauma. Potentially modifiable risk factors for OA include excess weight, certain occupations and sports, joint injury (injury prevention), joint malalignment and quadriceps weakness.
What is the drug of choice for osteoarthritis?
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) treat pain. They also help to prevent painful inflammation and joint damage. They’re the top choice of treatment for OA because they’re effective and nonsedating.
Is osteoarthritis a crippling disease?
After years of use, the cartilage that cushions the joints can break down until bone rubs against bone. Spurs often grow on the sides of the affected bones, which only adds to the pain. Osteoarthritis is rarely crippling, but it can have a major impact on a person’s life.
What is the life expectancy of a person with osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis reduces the quality and quantity of life. By using Quality adjusted life Years (a measure of disease burden taking life quality into account) it can be said that the average, 50-84 year old, non-obese person with knee OA will lose 1.9 years.
Does arthritis hurt all the time?
Many people who have arthritis or a related disease may be living with chronic pain. Pain is chronic when it lasts three to six months or longer, but arthritis pain can last a lifetime. It may be constant, or it may come and go.
What foods should be avoided with osteoarthritis?
Below are eight foods that are associated with increased inflammation and should be limited for people who have osteoarthritis.
- Sugar. …
- Salt. …
- Saturated Fat and Trans Fats. …
- Refined Carbs. …
- Omega-6 Fatty Acids. …
- Dairy. …
- Alcohol. …
What is the new treatment for osteoarthritis?
A recent discovery has been made in the field OA treatment that may allow those who experience related pain symptoms to gain greater mobility in their joints. Chondroitin sulfate was found to significantly reduce pain and improve hand mobility in osteoarthritis patients.