Which of the following combining forms refer to the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord?
Nervous system: combining forms, prefixes, suffixes, pathology
|Three protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord||Meninges|
|Thin, delicate inner membrane of the meninges||Pia mater|
|The combining form that means brain||Encephal/o|
|The combining form that means spinal cord||Myel/o|
Which root refers to the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord?
meninges: three membranes (pia mater, arachnoid mater, and dura mater) that surround the brain and spinal cord. meningioma: a tumor that grows from the meninges, the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
What is gray matter of the spinal cord composed of quizlet?
the GRAY/WHITE matter in the spinal cord consists mainly of myelinated axons.
What are the two principal divisions of the nervous system?
The nervous system has two main parts:
- The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord.
- The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.
What are the names of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord quizlet?
CSF flows through the subarachnoid space around the brain and spinal cord. The three layers of membrane that cover the brain and spinal cord are called meninges. The layers are the pia mater, the dura mater, and the arachnoid.
What is the term that means inflammation of the brain and spinal cord?
Meningitis: An inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord.
What is inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord?
Acute flaccid myelitis is a rare condition that affects the nervous system. Inflammation of the gray matter in the spinal cord leads to muscle weakness and paralysis. Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is usually caused by infection with a virus. While AFM is rare, there has been a slight increase in cases of AFM since 2014.
What is gray matter of the spinal cord composed of?
The grey matter, in the center of the cord, is shaped like a butterfly and consists of cell bodies of interneurons and motor neurons, as well as neuroglia cells and unmyelinated axons. Projections of the grey matter (the “wings”) are called horns.
What is the combining form for body?
a combining form meaning “body,” used in the formation of compound words: somatotonia. Also especially before a vowel, somat-.
What is the brain and spine unit called?
Together, the brain and spinal cord are known as the central nervous system (CNS). Many nerves send electrical signals to and from the brain and spinal cord.
What is the medical term for inflammation of many nerves?
By The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica | View Edit History. Neuritis, inflammation of one or more nerves. Neuritis can be caused by injury, infection, or autoimmune disease.