What is spinal cord and its function?
The spinal cord is a long bundle of nerves and cells that extends from the lower portion of the brain to the lower back. It carries signals between the brain and the rest of the body.
What is the function of spinal cord Class 10?
The spinal cord’s major functions include: Electrochemical communication. Electrical currents travel up and down the spinal cord and across nerves, sending signals which allow different segments of the body to communicate with the brain. Walking.
What are the 3 spines?
The spine itself has three main segments: the cervical spine, the thoracic spine, and the lumbar spine. The cervical is the upper part of the spine, made up of seven vertebrae (bones). The thoracic is the center portion of the spine, consisting of 12 vertebrae. The lower portion of the spine is called the lumbar spine.
What are the two main functions of the spinal cord?
The spinal cord functions primarily in the transmission of nerve signals from the motor cortex to the body, and from the afferent fibers of the sensory neurons to the sensory cortex. It is also a center for coordinating many reflexes and contains reflex arcs that can independently control reflexes.
What is spinal cord in short answer?
A column of nerve tissue that runs from the base of the skull down the center of the back. It is covered by three thin layers of protective tissue called membranes. The spinal cord and membranes are surrounded by the vertebrae (back bones).
What are the two main functions of spinal cord Class 11?
The functions of the spinal cord are: – It acts as a connecting link between the body (peripheral nervous system PNS) and the brain. – It provides a relay path for the impulses coming from the brain. – It is responsible for the conduction of the reflex action.
What absorbs shock in the spine?
The intervertebral discs are soft structures which act as shock absorbers between each of the vertebrae (bones) in the spine. A single disc sits between each vertebra.
How many spines are there in the human body?
The average person is born with 33 individual bones (the vertebrae) that interact and connect with each other through flexible joints called facets. By the time a person becomes an adult most have only 24 vertebrae because some vertebrae at the bottom end of the spine fuse together during normal growth and development.