Question: What are the four general care steps for musculoskeletal injuries?

What is the general care for musculoskeletal injuries?

Rest the casualty, raise the injured part, apply a compression bandage to the injured joint and then apply an ice pack to the area. Ice should be applied for 20 minutes (in 2 x 10 minute intervals) every 2 hours. The casualty should then seek medical advice.

How do you manage musculoskeletal injuries?

How Is Musculoskeletal Pain Treated?

  1. Injections with anesthetic or anti-inflammatory medications in or around the painful sites.
  2. Exercise that includes muscle strengthening and stretching.
  3. Physical or occupational therapy.
  4. Acupuncture or acupressure.
  5. Relaxation/biofeedback techniques.

What are the primary steps to prevent musculoskeletal injuries?

Preventing Musculoskeletal Disorders

  1. Improved Work Techniques. Figure out the best way to complete a job by keeping the goal of decreasing your risk factors in mind. …
  2. Proper Stretching. Suggest a work site stretch and flex program. …
  3. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) …
  4. Better tools and resources. …
  5. Training.
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What are the different types of musculoskeletal injuries?

Common musculoskeletal disorders include:

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
  • Tendonitis.
  • Muscle / Tendon strain.
  • Ligament Sprain.
  • Tension Neck Syndrome.
  • Thoracic Outlet Compression.
  • Rotator Cuff Tendonitis.
  • Epicondylitis.

What is an example of a musculoskeletal injury?

They are a range of disorders involving muscles, bones, tendons, blood vessels, nerves and other soft tissues. The most common term used to describe these disorders is Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI). Some examples of musculoskeletal disorders are Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Tendinitis, Tenosynovitis and Bursitis.

What are 3 types of musculoskeletal injuries?

There are several musculoskeletal injuries that people suffer from, such as:

  • Tendinitis.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Fibromyalgia.
  • Bone fractures.
  • Muscle / Tendon strain.
  • Ligament Sprain.

How do you know if pain is muscular or skeletal?

Bone pain usually feels deeper, sharper, and more intense than muscle pain. Muscle pain also feels more generalized throughout the body and tends to ease within a day or two, while bone pain is more focused and lasts longer. Bone pain is also less common than joint or muscle pain, and should always be taken seriously.

Is musculoskeletal pain a disability?

Musculoskeletal conditions are the leading contributor to disability worldwide, with low back pain being the single leading cause of disability in 160 countries. Because of population increases and ageing, the number of people with musculoskeletal conditions is rapidly increasing.

What are the three basic causes of musculoskeletal injuries?

“The top three most common causes of musculoskeletal injuries are lifting, carrying or putting down objects, falls, and repetitive movement or strain,” Stevens said.

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Which action can you take to help avoid musculoskeletal disorders?

A healthy diet and regular exercise are vital to reducing the risk of a musculoskeletal disorder. Strengthening exercises and stretching can help keep your bones, joints and muscles strong.

What is musculoskeletal damage?

Any injury that affects the bones, muscles, ligaments, nerves, or tendons resulting in pain are considered musculoskeletal injuries. While pain may be widespread and affect the entire body, it is often localized in the hands and wrists due to their high use and exposure.

What are 3 safe practices when lifting heavy objects?

When lifting, follow these tips to stay safe:

  • Try to maintain a neutral spine alignment. …
  • Keep loads close to the body. …
  • Do not reach to access a load.
  • Minimize bending by keeping the load between shoulder and thigh height when lifting.
  • Keep heavier loads off the floor.
  • Do not twist when lifting.

What is the most common workplace musculoskeletal injury?

Rarely do people think immediately of ergonomic-related hazards that may cause musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). It’s a surprising disconnect, because according to the WSIB (Workplace Safety and Insurance Board), MSDs are the most common type of workplace injury.

What is the most common musculoskeletal disorder?

The most common orthopedic disorders include:

  • Tendonitis. This is an inflammation of a tendon – the fibrous tissues that connect a muscle to a bone. …
  • Osteoarthritis. …
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis. …
  • Bone Fractures. …
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. …
  • Fibromyalgia.

What are some common musculoskeletal fractures How are they classified?


  • Greenstick. This is an incomplete break. …
  • Transverse. The break is in a straight line across the bone.
  • Spiral. The break spirals around the bone. …
  • Oblique. The break is diagonal across the bone.
  • Compression. The bone is crushed. …
  • Comminuted. The bone has broken into 3 or more pieces. …
  • Segmental. …
  • Avulsion.
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