Do Rheumatologists treat osteopenia?
If there is concern about the proper treatment of a patient with osteopenia, the patient can be referred to a physician who specializes in bone health. This is often a rheumatologist or an endocrinologist.
Is osteopenia a form of arthritis?
Official Answer. Osteoporosis and osteopenia are both caused by a reduction in bone density, whereas osteoarthritis is a degeneration of a joint due to a breakdown of cartilage. Osteoporosis is a condition that affects bone density. Bone density is reduced, which makes bones porous and brittle and they break easily.
What autoimmune disease causes osteopenia?
Bone loss and fracture risk are implicated in inflammatory autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus.
Can we increase bone density in rheumatoid arthritis?
You may need calcium or vitamin D supplements. Stay active. Exercise helps you develop flexible joints, stronger muscles, and better balance with RA. It also can help you protect your bones from osteoporosis because it builds bone mass.
What is the best vitamin for osteopenia?
The main ones are calcium and vitamin D supplements. Most adults should get between 1,000 and 1,200 milligrams of calcium and 600 to 800 international units (IU) of vitamin D every day.
How do you stop osteopenia from progressing?
The best way to prevent osteopenia is by living healthfully. In regard to osteopenia, prevention includes ensuring adequate calcium intake either through diet or supplements, ensuring adequate vitamin D intake, not drinking too much alcohol (no more than two drinks daily), not smoking, and getting plenty of exercise.
How fast does osteopenia progress?
Median time of progression to osteopenia was almost 7 years, but in those patients with normal BMD but whose baseline minimum T score was in the “high-risk” tertile, this progression was much faster (<2 years). Similarly, osteopenia progressed to osteoporosis in a quarter of patients.
Is osteopenia caused by inflammation?
The inflammatory process that appears during aging is new to the evolution of humans. Since we know that acute inflammation can stimulate an adaptive bone loss program (Fig. 2), it is not surprising that a chronic inflammatory process induces ever increasing osteopenia.
How does osteopenia develop?
Osteopenia is a condition that begins as you lose bone mass and your bones get weaker. This happens when the inside of your bones become brittle from a loss of calcium. It’s very common as you age. Total bone mass peaks around age 35.
Why would my doctor order a bone density scan?
A bone-density test is a way to measure the strength of your bones. The test, called a DEXA scan, is a kind of X-ray. Many people get a bone-density test every few years. The main reason to have the test is to find and treat serious bone loss, called osteoporosis, and prevent fractures and disability.