Why would you use a spinal board?
A spinal board, is a patient handling device used primarily in pre-hospital trauma care. It is designed to provide rigid support during movement of a person with suspected spinal or limb injuries.
When should a spinal board be used?
A spine board should be used whenever there is a suspected injury to the spine. It is most commonly used by Emergency Medical Service (EMS) personnel when treating someone following a severe fall or automobile accident that has caused a possible spine injury.
What patients would need to use a spine board?
Appropriate patients to be immobilized with a backboard may include those with: o Blunt trauma and altered level of consciousness; o Spinal pain or tenderness; o Neurologic complaint (e.g., numbness or motor weakness) o Anatomic deformity of the spine; o High energy mechanism of injury and: ▪ Drug or alcohol …
Are backboards still used?
No Evidence Supports Use. The once-automatic use of long backboards to reduce spinal motion in patients transported by ambulance is now limited to a few patients for whom the equipment might provide some care.
What are 2 types of injuries that would require the use of a spine board?
Blunt trauma and altered level of consciousness. Spinal pain or tenderness. Neurologic complaint (e.g., numbness or motor weakness) Anatomic deformity of the spine.
How many straps does a spine board have?
A commercially available vest-type upper spinal immobilization device (for example, K.E.D. (R)), approved by the FDA for utilization by EMT-Basics; 3. Four straps, measuring two inches wide by nine feet long with quick release type metal buckles.
Who is in charge during spine boarding?
Two additional rescuers are placed on each side of the athlete at the shoulders and hips while a sixth person is in charge of the spine board. When the rescuer at the head commands, the 5 rescuers lift the athlete six inches in the air, while the sixth rescuer slides the spine board under the injured person.
What is a concern while caring for the patient who is completely immobilized to a long backboard?
Because the backboard is a rigid appliance that does not conform to a patient’s body, patients develop pressure sores as a result of being immobilized on the backboard. In 1987, Linares et al.
Why is it important to pad the voids when Backboarding a patient?
Here, there’s a small step that everyone forgets to do: padding the voids. Essentially, under the small of the back, under the knees, and beneath the neck, you can place padding to make the patient more comfortable. Once these pads are in place, you can actually begin strapping the patient to the backboard.
Which portion of the spine is the most delicate and easily injured?
or c-spine, is the neck. It is made of the first 7 vertebrae. It is the most delicate and easily injured portion of the spine.
Are spine boards bad for you?
There is no evidence that the long spine board is safe. There is evidence that the long spine board may increase the rate of disability – exactly the opposite of what we want to do. This study showed that the patients with spinal injuries were twice as likely to become disabled with the use of the long spine board.
Does spinal immobilization help patients?
Rigid spinal immobilization is not without risk to the patient. It has been shown to decrease forced vital capacity in both the adult and pediatric populations,2 compromise vascular function and increase risk of pressure ulcers,3-4 and can confound emergency department assessment of traumatic injuries by causing pain.